Carroll Estes, PhD, FAAN

Professor Emerita
Social Behavioral Sciences
+1 415 476-5832

Carroll L. Estes is Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where she founded and directed the campus-wide Institute for Health & Aging (1979-1998), and chaired the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences (1981-1992) in the School of Nursing. Dr Estes is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and past President of three national organizations in aging: The Gerontological Society of America (GSA), the American Society on Aging (ASA) and the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE). Dr. Estes is past-chair of the Board of Directors of The National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare and its Foundation. Currently she is Board Chair of the Center for Global Policy Solutions. She served as consultant to U. S. Commissioners of Social Security and to U. S. Senate and House Committees on Aging for three decades. In 2014 Estes received the University of California Medal, UCSF’s highest recognition. The League of Women Voters named Estes, “A Woman Who Could Be President” (San Francisco, 1998). The National Organization of Women (NOW) honored her as a “Woman of Action” (2012). Other academic honors include the UCSF Faculty Research Lecturer, The Chancellor’s Award for the Advancement of Women, and both the School of Nursing’s Nahm Research Award and its Doctoral Mentor Award. Estes has received Distinguished Scholar Awards of the American Sociological Association, the Pacific Sociological Association. the American Public Health Association (APHA), the American Society on Aging (ASA), the Gerontological Society (GSA) and AGHE. For her scholarship and public service, she has awards from the National Senior Citizens Law Center, Sociologists for Women in Society, and Gray Panthers. She is honorary fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN). Her current research is on Social Security and Medicare policy, health reform, long term care, and elder women’s economic and health security. Credited as a founding scholar of the “political economy of aging” and “critical gerontology,” Estes is a writer and public speaker who has authored, co-authored, and co-edited 24 books including: The Aging Enterprise (1979), Social Policy and Aging (2001), Social Theory, Social Policy and Ageing (2003), Social Insurance and Social Justice: The Campaign Against Social Security and Medicare (2009), and Health Policy: Crisis and Reform (2013). Her book, The Long Term Care Crisis, was a 1994 Most Important Book (Choice Magazine). Her latest book is Critical Aging Policy: A to Z (Routledge, 2018). Dr. Estes’ peer reviewed research appears in The Journal of the American Medical Association, The Health Care Financing Review, Health Affairs, Milbank Quarterly, Social Science and Medicine, The American Journal of Public Health, The American Journal of Sociology, The Gerontologist, and other journals. Her edited volumes, The Nation’s Health (with Philip Lee) and Health Policy (with Charlene Harrington), have been adopted in 400 Schools of Medicine and Nursing. Estes received her A.B. from Stanford University, M.A. from Southern Methodist University, Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, and an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Russell Sage College. She has been visiting professor at the London School of Economics and the Sorbonne in Paris. Estes has one daughter, Duskie Lynn Estes, a son-in-law, John Stewart, both award winning chefs, and two grand-daughters, Brydie and MacKenzie Estes Stewart.


Building Back Better: Going Big with Emancipatory Sciences.

Journal of aging & social policy

Estes CL, DiCarlo NB, Yeh JC

Local Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program effectiveness and the measurement of program resources.

Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society

Hollister BA, Estes CL

Professionalizing gerontology: why AGHE must accredit gerontology programs.

Gerontology & geriatrics education

Pelham A, Schafer D, Abbott P, Estes C

Factors associated with perceived effectiveness of local long-term care ombudsman programs in New York and California.

Journal of aging and health

Estes CL, Lohrer SP, Goldberg S, Grossman BR, Nelson M, Koren MJ, Hollister B

Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study.

International journal of geriatric psychiatry

Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C

Retracted: Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study.

International journal of geriatric psychiatry

Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C

PACE: has it changed the chronic care paradigm?

Social work in public health

Lynch M, Hernandez M, Estes C

Integration of mental health services into primary care overcomes ethnic disparities in access to mental health services between black and white elderly.

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry

Ayalon L, Areán PA, Linkins K, Lynch M, Estes CL

Social security politics: ideology and reform.

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences

Svihula J, Estes CL

Implications of welfare reform on the elderly: a case study of provider, advocate, and consumer perspectives.

Journal of aging & social policy

Estes CL, Goldberg S, Wellin C, Linkins KW, Shostak S, Beard RL

State long term care ombudsman programs: factors associated with perceived effectiveness.

The Gerontologist

Estes CL, Zulman DM, Goldberg SC, Ogawa DD

Recruitment and retention of older minorities in mental health services research.

The Gerontologist

Areán PA, Alvidrez J, Nery R, Estes C, Linkins K

The globalization of capital, the welfare state, and old age policy.

International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation

Estes CL, Phillipson C

Cost containment and the elderly: conflict or challenge?

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Estes CL